Valley of Fire is a Nevada State Park known for its stunning red sandstone rock formations which illuminate the valley—especially at sunset—making it look appear as though it’s on fire. Entwined among the valley’s red rock wonderland are remnants of prehistoric locals and unparalleled vistas, too.
Valley of Fire State Park History
Ancient petroglyphs were carved into red sandstone rock formations at Valley of Fire State Park—a remnant from the Ancestral Puebloans living in and around the modern-day Moapa Valley area 2,500 years ago. By the mid-1860s, Mormon missionaries settled St. Thomas, where they began ranching, farming, and mining in the region. Interestingly enough, St. Thomas was flooded by the waters of Lake Mead during Hoover Dam construction in the early 1930s.
In 1931, a transfer of 8,760 acres of federal land to the state of Nevada began the creation of Valley of Fire State Park. The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) built the park from 1933 through the early 1940s, making campgrounds, stone cabins, trails, and roads. The park opened in 1934 and was officially designated Valley of Fire State Park in 1935, becoming Nevada’s first state park.
How the Valley of Fire Got Its Name
Before Valley of Fire became a designated Nevada State Park, a road was built through the valley as part of the Arrowhead Trail to connect Salt Lake City and Los Angeles. In the 1920s, the “Valley of Fire” was named by a AAA official who was traveling the road at sunset and reportedly explained that the entire region looked like it was on fire.
Visiting Valley of Fire Today
Those hoping to discover more about the valley’s history will find a great visitor center that features comprehensive interpretive displays and exhibits with information on local ecology, geology, and prehistory.
Valley of Fire Hikes
Located in the Mojave Desert, Valley of Fire State Park is home to 46,000 acres of red Aztec sandstone, formed by shifting sand dunes 150 million years ago, which is blended with gray and tan-colored limestone. The stunning landscape glows red for miles into the horizon and is particularly beautiful at sunset. With elevations ranging from 1,500 feet to 3,000 feet, here are some popular day hikes that are easily accessible to visitors who want to explore Valley of Fire from Las Vegas as a day trip, or for those who are camping in the park.
White Domes Hike
A wander through Valley of Fire State Park’s many fascinating trails will take visitors past incredible formations like the White Domes, which are white sandstone rock formations known for their brilliantly contrasting color to the surrounding red sandstone rock formations. Visitors can hike the White Domes Trail, which is a loop that shows off the park’s stunning scenery (including desert vistas) and reveals the namesake colors of the rock, a slot canyon, caves, and even a historic movie site where the 1966 film The Professionals was shot.
Distance: 7 miles round trip
See the Valley of Fire’s Petroglyph Hikes
Atlatl Rock Hike
Atlatl Rock is another ultra-accessible and wondrous site in Valley of Fire that features amazing examples of prehistoric petroglyphs. Atlatl is a tool used to launch a spear, and ancient Indians carved symbols of the atlatl in the sandstone located at Atlatl Rock.
Distance: 0.1 miles round trip
Mouse’s Tank Hike
If you’re interested in seeing more petroglyphs in Valley of Fire, don’t miss a hike to Mouse’s Tank, which is a natural rock basin in a canyon where rainwater collects. You can hike from the trailhead to Mouse’s Tank and back and see prehistoric petroglyphs along the trail.
Distance: 0.7 miles round trip
Download the complete list and map of Valley of Fire trails (link to attached PDF which will be uploaded to TravelNevada.com)
Valley of Fire Camping
Valley of Fire State Park is especially stunning in the early morning and at golden hour. Experience these magic moments for yourself by snagging a first-come, first-served campsite (group campsites can be reserved in advance). Any non-campers in the park before sunrise or after dark are considered trespassers and will be ticketed. Valley of Fire is also Nevada’s most visited state park, so be sure to plan your overnight visit long in advance.
Those who plan ahead can choose from 73 total campsites, including popular ones like Arch Rock campground. There are also three group camping areas in Valley of Fire State Park that will accommodate up to 45 people, and RV camping is an option, too. Whether you’re coming from across the country, across the world, or just driving up to Valley of Fire from Las Vegas for the day, the park is accessible to everyone.
Shady picnic spots with nearby restrooms can be found at Atlatl Rock, Seven Sisters, White Dome, and the Cabins, which are historic stone structures built with native sandstone in the 1930s by the Civilian Conservation Corps.
Plants and Wildlife in Valley of Fire
As you hike along the trails, pay close attention to the Valley of Fire’s plants and flowers. Cacti like beavertail and cholla are plentiful and adorn the desert floor along with creosote bush, burro bush, and brittlebush. Spring is one of the most beautiful times of year to visit because desert marigolds, indigo bush, and desert mallow bloom cast their beauty into the Valley of Fire State Park and permeate the air with the subtle smell of desert flowers.
Valley of Fire Wildlife
Because of the area’s warm summer temperatures and its rock and desert topography, most of the animals that live in and around Valley of Fire are nocturnal. Snakes, lizards, coyotes, bobcats, fox, jackrabbits, skunks, and antelope ground squirrels all reside in Valley of Fire State Park. It’s rare to see a desert tortoise, as they burrow underground for protection from the sun and cold. If you’re lucky, you’ll see Nevada’s state animal, the Desert Bighorn Sheep!
Valley of Fire Weather
While winter temperatures range from freezing to 75 degrees, Valley of Fire State Park weather over the summer often has highs exceeding 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Summer temperatures may vary from hot during the day to cool at night, so check the forecast and be prepared for the degree range. Annual rainfall averages four inches.
Getting to Valley of Fire from Las Vegas in Nevada
Southern Nevada visitors will find Valley of Fire State Park about 55 miles northeast of Las Vegas and about 20 minutes from Lake Mead via I-15 and State Route 169.. Once in the park, visitors will have no trouble navigating because there’s only one main road (the Valley of Fire Road). The road is also called the Valley of Fire Scenic Byway, and at just under 11 miles, it connects both the east and west entrances of Valley of Fire State Park.
Valley of Fire State Park is open seven day s a week from 8:30 AM to 4:30 PM. Remember if you are within park boundaries before sunrise or after sunset and are not an overnight camper, you will be considered trespassing and ticketed. Be sure to plan your time within the park accordingly to abide by park hours and restrictions!
Admission to Valley of Fire State Park is $10 per vehicle, per day. Overnight camping is $20.00 per night, with an additional $10.00 for sites with utility hookups.